Key Considerations in Cold Storage Building Design

Cold storage facilities must adhere to strict temperature guidelines. If designed properly, they will operate more effectively and lower the cost of maintenance. Discover three concepts of design from Ware Malcomb principal Cameron Trefry to maximize value for these special properties.

The owners of Cold Storage Warehouses are placing a higher emphasis on comfort for employees in order to lure more workers. This is vitally important given that the labor shortage continues.

Maximizing Efficiency

Cold storage facilities need to be in areas where there is easy access to transport infrastructures that are able to serve a vast number of customers. The lap dat kho lanh cong nghiep tai ha noi also need to be located near raw materials, packaging, and labour.

When designing your facility, consider the type of merchandise you’re keeping and the volume you’ll plan on having in each area. Certain types of perishables generate inert heat which must be sucked out through ventilation and cooling systems.

Cold Storage

Additionally, implementing automation capabilities like Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV) within your warehouse can increase the efficiency of your warehouse and decrease errors in handling in your facility. A well-planned approach to planning these systems to be integrated into your building design will help you take advantage of this technology from the beginning. This can save time and costs in the long term as well as ensure your cold storage facilities can offer excellent customer service.

Product Safety

Cold storage facilities are often employed to store and deliver products that are perishable, and require an extremely high level of and careful. The work in a storage facility carries several risks that must be weighed to ensure worker safety security, integrity of the product and efficiency of warehouses.

The workers must wear appropriate protective equipment such as cold coats, gloves and insulated clothing when working inside cold storage rooms. Likewise, any warehouse with refrigeration systems made up of ammonia needs to take appropriate fire safety measures.

Utilizing sprinkler systems and frequently checking their performance is one of the ways to reduce the risk of fire. Also, adding heated spaces in existing or construction-new natural warehouses (a box-in-box method) is another effective approach to mitigate fire risk as well as protect stored food items from damage. Furthermore, a properly-designed storage layout could significantly cut down the time it takes to transport workers across different zones of operation.

Key Considerations

Cold storage facilities employ two main types of refrigeration: vapor absorption and compression. It is essential for the designer to comprehend the demands for these types of systems and their capability to work within the building.

An essential consideration for owners is a refrigeration system capable of operating continuously without consuming a lot of energy and with having a minimal footprint. It is achieved by integrating the refrigeration system in the construction design. This can decrease floor and roof square space without affecting storage capacity.

Another crucial aspect is the fact that cold storage facilities should be designed with an enclosure that is able to block outside air. This is important for both separated facilities and cold-storage areas within larger buildings. In these facilities that are attached, large anterooms maintained with a moderate temperature in between storage and outdoor spaces can help prevent condensation within wall and roof assembly.

Best Practices

Communication between the various third parties in the supply chain for cold storage is essential to optimize logistics. This can help avoid product problems which can lead to costly delays.

Using equipment that is specifically designed for cold temperatures is essential. In particular, touchscreens on equipment should be designed to respond with gloved fingers, and buttons should be large enough to feel in heavy gloves. Also, it is important to regularly replace batteries, as they tend to degrade quicker in colder environments.

In the end, it’s essential to properly seal and insulate your building envelope properly to maintain a continuous vapor barrier. It will help to save plenty of energy over time. Also, having efficient lighting is critical for ensuring the proper execution of tasks and visible safety warnings for those working outside in the frigid winter.

Cold Storage Sustainability and Technology

Cold storage warehouses demand lots of care when it comes to maintaining an appropriate temperature. This is particularly the case with fruit and vegetables that need to be kept at a specific temperature in order to preserve their quality.

Many cold storage companies today are embracing sustainable design and construction practices even without knowing that it. Utilizing recycled insulation as well as environmentally friendly building materials reduces the carbon footprint of production and also provide long-term savings through energy efficiency.

As well as the burden of refrigeration illumination, ventilation and occupant traffic, cold storage facilities must release heat generated by ripening fruit and other processes. Energy-efficient concrete slab installations and an R-valued building envelope aid in reducing this load of heat and further reduce energy consumption.